Imam Taymiyyah on Fighting With Infidels

Before I begin, I want to assert that reproducing someone’s work on this blog doesn’t necessarily mean endorsing or propagating any idea or belief. This blog post should only be considered as academic in nature. And as a reference to this blog it should only be reproduced further for academic purpose only.

Professor Abu Zahrah of Egypt in his book “Imam Ibn Taymiyyah” (the Urdu translation of which has been produced by Naib Hussain Naqwi) summarieses the opinion of Imam Taymiyyah on fighting with infidels in the following terms:

On the first question as to whether it is permissible to fight the disbelievers on the ground of their disbelief or on that of their tyranny and transgression, the Imam refers to two schools of thought among the Ulema. The first school holds that according to Imam Malik, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Imam Abu Hanifah and others, and the majority of of Ulema and Aimmah, fighting with disbelievers is allowed only if they are bent upon oppressions and tyranny. From this opinion it follows that waar with infidels is not permissible in any other circumstances.

Consequently, fighting can be resorted to as a defensive measure or in response to aggression, even if it turns out to be a case of emergency. But in such a fight only the active comatants or their inciters will be killed, and women, achorites, and disabled or old people, who neitherparticipate in the fighting nor exhort others to do so, will not be slain, In brief, the disbeliever who does not take up arms, does not urge others to fight and is not guilty of any hostile act in connection with the war shall not be put to death.

The second school is of the opinion that war with the disbelievers is grounced on their disbeliever. That means that fighting is obligatory with them simply because they are infidels not because they are inclined to turanny. This is to be creed of Imam al-Shafi. Therefore, under this principle, every disbeliever who has attained majority and discretion would be deserving of capital punishment, irrespective of whether he is capable of fighting or not, whether he is himself on the war path or not and whether he is actively assisting his comrades (the disbelievers) to pursue the fight or not.

In this regard, Imam Ibn Taymiyyah considers the first opinion, viz., the opinion of the majority, to be correct and, in support of his position cities authorities from the Quran and Sunnah.

Source: Punishment of Apostasy in Islam, by S. A. Rahman (former Chief Justice of Pakistan)

How to Sharpen Your Memory Without Losing Wits?

There is this story on how to sharpen your memory without losing wits. Probably unseemly, but it pictures the efforts made by students in Abbasid’s era of caliphate to sharpen their memories out of keen interest for learning.

During the Abbasid’s era of caliphate the education flourished. Throughout the whole curriculum the memory work was especially emphasized. Notable scholar of Islam Professor Philip Khuri Hitti writes in his book “History of the Arabs”:

An eminent teacher from Nizamiyah — an institute of higher learning established during the time of Abbasids in 1065 – 1067 — whose name was Baha-al-Din, and who was also the biographer of Saladin Ayubi, tells in his reminiscences, as reported by Ibn-Khallikan, that to sharpen their memories a group of students once drank such a heavy dose of an infusion of anacardia kernels that one of them lost his wits entirely and came naked to the class. When amidst the laughter of the class he was asked for an explanation, he gravely replied that he and his companions had tried the anarcardia infusion, which made them all insane with the exception of himself, who had happily kept his senses.

This Is How I Cook Haleem

For 6-8 people:

500 grams gandum
30-50 grams (or 1 cup) Masoor ki daal (Red lentils)
1.25 or 1.50 kg boneless chicken/beef (your choice)
3-4 medium sized onion
1 packet of shaan masala
1 ginger
2-3 lemons

In 16 cups of boiling water put the gandum and red lentils. Boil them for at least 3 hours. 4 hours would be good though. Keep stirring the pot time to time, or gandum paste will get stuck at the bottom. After 3-4 hours let it get cool down. Use a hand blender to crush the thick paste of gandum and masoor daal in the pot. Blender usage is on your discretion that how long you want to use it, and how finely you want to crush the gandum. I blend for at least 10 minutes with few gaps in between.

During this time in another pot put a half to quarter cup oil and fry the meat for 5-8 minutes under moderate flame. Once you see the meat is fried, empty the shaan haleem masal packet in the pot. If you want haleem a little spicy, use full packet. if  you want moderate, use quarter packet.

Now fry meat and masala together for 10-15 minutes. Keep on stirring the pot otherwise masala or meat will stick to the bottom, or in other words will burn. Once the meat and masala are fried together for 10-15 minutes, pour 6-7 glass of water in the pot and cover the top. Leave it for 20-25 minutes till the meat and masala are mixed with water and oil appear at the upper surface.

This done. Now pour the pot containing meat masala stuff in the pot of gandum and masoor. Cook it for at least 1 hour to 75 minutes so that the masala is finely mixed with haleem. You also have to keep stirring the pot time to time to get it mixed finely and to avoid the sticking at the bottom.

Meanwhile, chop onion, chop in small pieces, fry it in frying pan till till it gets brown color.

Make thick slice of ginger.

2-3 lemons

Serve it.

This is how I cook Haleem.