Jinnah’s Pakistan: Where Has it Lost?

Muhammad Ali Jinnah to Students: Let me give you this word of warning: you will be making the greatest mistake if you allow yourself to be exploited by one political party or another

Muhammad Ali Jinnah to Students: Let me give you this word of warning: you will be making the greatest mistake if you allow yourself to be exploited by one political party or another

Had Jinnah been alive today, would he have been steering Pakistan to really a progression that he intensely yearned for? I often think about Pakistan from this perspective. Then mostly I am persuaded by my own sense of judgment and justice that had Jinnah been alive today, yes, Pakistan would have been, at least, a country of people espousing the unity, faith and discipline in its true spirit. It does not necessarily mean that Pakistan would have been like as happy and jolly as a sandboy, and that there would have been no obstacle on the road to progression. Problems are naturally constitutional for individuals and for a nation. But Jinnah, really-truly, would have shown her second, and perhaps most dearest daughter, Pakistan, a direction had he been alive today.

From the common people to students and politicians, yet army, the unity, faith and discipline of Jinnah is scarcely seen. Who, in literal sense, talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan in the midst of national turmoil? Among the lot of the mainstream politicians, I can see not a single one who is a stern advocator of Jinnah’s principled political system. Instead, the de facto “national interest” and “doctrine of necessity” is inundating in the political culture and social system of Pakistan. The version of “Quaid” has taken a new shape which highlights the personality cult factor sweeping over the people’s conscience. From the students and youth, by and large, what I see is the obsession with the party politicking. While reminding myself the message of Jinnah to the students, I found him cautioning the students to not exploit themselves by one party or another. The actual message of Jinnah to the students was delivered on March 21st, in Dhaka. He said:

“My young friends, students who are present here, let me tell you as one who has always had love and affection for you, who has served you for ten years faithfully and loyally, let me give you this word of warning: you will be making the greatest mistake if you allow yourself to be exploited by one political party or another…. Your main occupation should be – in fairness to yourself, in fairness to your parents, in fairness to the state – to devote your attention to your studies.”

For the politicians, Jinnah was emphatic of the idea that elected leaders must realize their obligations and liabilities in a prudent way. During the Presidential address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 11th August, 1947, he said:

“The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this – remember that you are now a Sovereign Legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions.”

To the armed forces, Jinnah’s message was quite clear and well-defined briefly. On August 14th 1947, he addressed the armed forces of nascent Pakistan, saying:

“Do not forget that the armed forces are the servants of the people and you do not make national policy; it is we, the civilians, who decide these issues and it is your duty to carry out these tasks with which you are entrusted.”

Today, Muhammad Ali Jinnah only lives in the books and portraits. How sad it is that his depiction is used – on notes – to gratify our appetite as well.

To bring back Jinnah’s Pakistan, we must come out of our shells of idleness. On this decisive phase today, happen as well to be the 14th August – the 64th Birthday of Pakistan, we be forbidden to wait for a wake-up call from our affiliated political parties or groups or other mentors. Jinnah’s amount of supporters were little than Congress activists but his supporters were sincere. The advocators of Jinnah’s principled politics are maybe little, but they should be sincere likewise – followed by the unity, faith and discipline – in order to bring back the Jinnah’s Pakistan which was meant to be sovereign and not protectorate, which was meant to be progressive and not regressive, which was meant to be united and not divided.

They Need Your Support Today

Missing Persons Protest

Missing Persons Protest

A friend asked me: Hum itney na-shukrey kyun hain?

Why are we so unthankful?

At first, I thought it was a usual comment by him we often use in daily life. But soon I analyzed he was talking about “Pakistan” particularly. I retorted that we really are unthankful — an unthakful nation. Perhaps he daresaid, while making this comment, that I’m always cynical with my thoughts; that I’m critical and pessimistic. I wonder where have I ever been pessimistic. Being critical doesn’t necessarily imply that a person is pessimistic too.

Most of the time I’m vocal about the role of our army and politicians. While I criticize our Pakistan army — mind it that I don’t criticize the whole institution with more than 600,000 servicemen, but only the wrong policy makers — people usually think that I’m committing a blasphemy as I’m speaking against the sacred Pakistani institution which is meant to guard our nation. I always think and ask is the army above criticism? How many times this institution has erred and repeat it still; hence, speaking against it is wrong?

It pulls me back to the time of Jinnah. Jinnah was selected for the Central Legislative Council from Calcutta as a Muslim representative in 1910. Lord Minto supported Jinnah. Viceroy Minto’s pious hopes were soon shattered. Jinnah clashed with the viceroy the very first time when he rose to speak in the council, addressing him to a resolution that called for an immediate end to the export of indentured India labors to South Africa. Jinnah spoke out saying: “It is a most painful question — a question which has roused the feelings of all classes in the country to the highest pitch of indignation and horror at the harsh and cruel treatment that is meted out to the Indians in South Africa”. Minto reprimanded him for using the words “cruel treatment”. Jinnah spoke out saying: “It is a most painful question — a question which has roused the feelings of all classes in the country to the highest pitch of indignation and horror at the harsh and cruel treatment that is meted out to the Indians in South Africa”. Minto reprimanded him for using the words “cruel treatment”. Minto deemed Jinnah’s statement “too harsh to be used for a friendly part of the British Empire” within his council chambers. My Lord, Jinnah responded, “I should feel much inclined to use much stronger language. But I am fully aware of the constitution in the Council, and I do not wish to trespass for one single moment. But I do say that the treatment meted out to Indians is the harshest and the feeling in this country is unanimous.”

Jinnah was the only men who stood for such an act of unjust against the people of his country. By then, not even Gandhi raised this objection or anyone else from the Congress. Because Jinnah always stood for the human rights too, and he would never care if he’s speaking against the friendly British Empire or his Congressmen. Is speaking against the cruel policies of army/intelligence on the missing persons — and as I recall the death of one of my personal friend’s mother in Bajaur air strike and 100’s of innocent people like her — an amoral thing, I ask? Is speaking against the role of US in many things — for example the drone attacks that kill innocents daily — a wrong thing, I ask? Any missing person has a right to be prosecuted in the Pakistani courts — morally and constitutionally. But they just remain ‘missing’, let alone their prosecution. Simultaneously, I’m accused of being a traitor as I stand firm besides the families of those who suffer from the hands of some amoral uniformed and non-uniformed people.

Now with the latest update on the efforts of the families of missing persons: aggrieved families of missing persons few days back launched a long march from Faisalabad for the safe recovery of their dear ones with solemn pledge to enter Islamabad with five million registered followers for staging a sit-in.

According to the sources, only the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) is supporting this long march. Why just PTI, why not the MQM, PPP, PML-N, PML-Q, ANP, JUI etc. etc.? I stress on the significance of the cause of “Missing Persons” and urge every political party’s activist to support this cause and participate in the long march. Raise your voice. Please, this doesn’t have anything to do with your political party’s affiliation. Anyone with a flesh heart is morally obliged to support this cause — before it gets too late. Support the 100’s of families of missing persons (788 cases registered with “Defence Human Rights Pakistan” alone, whereas the estimate according to International Human Rights group is not less than 10,000) by standing against the unjust and amoral acts of those who are accountable for adding miseries to the 100’s of families, simultaneously adding the miseries to already troubled and miserable Pakistan. It reminds me of the words of Martin Niemoller — a leader of one of the German group opposing Hitler and Nazis.

First they (Nazi) came for the Communists, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist;
And then they came for the trade unionists, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist;
And then they came for the Jews, And I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew;
And then… they came for me… And by that time there was no one left to speak up.

Recalling The Pakistan Resolution

Working Committee Of Pakistan Resolution

Working Committee Of Pakistan Resolution

Few individuals significantly alter the course of the history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three.

Hailed as a “Great Leader” (Quaid-e-Azam) of Pakistan, Jinnah virtually conjured that country into statehood by the force of his indomitable will.

23rd March is celebrated in Pakistan as a day when Pakistan Resolution was passed by hundreds of thousands of Muslims of British India. The name of “Pakistan” wasn’t used by Jinnah during the Lahore Resolution. It was only declared that a new nation for Muslims is the only solution and everyone there concurred. The Lahore Resolution became the “Pakistan Resolution” at the later stage.

Prior to the passing of Lahore Resolution, this is to be noted that Jinnah was advised by his doctors to have a bed-rest for at least fortnight. He was suffering from extreme pleurisy, as diagnosed by the doctor. In the words of Jinnah: “What bad luck, it’s an important session and my presence is essential. And here I’m, confined to bed.” After two restless days, Jinnah was up and back to his usual work.

On 19th of March, 1940, Punjab saw another worst day after the Jallainwala Bagh catastrophe. It was that, the activists of Khaksaar Tehreek were peacefully protesting, asking the Viceroy to lift the ban on their Tehreek. The march was intercepted by the police, but the activists kept marching on. Police started the baton charge (lathi charge), and then there was the act of indiscriminate firing on the marching activists. 10’s of Muslims were mercilessly butchered by the Punjab Police. Mian Muhammad Shafi, the prominent leader of Muslim League, recalls this catastrophe saying the event temporarily converted the gay city of Lahore into a political graveyard.

On the morning of 22nd March 1940, Jinnah silently arrived in Lahore — despite that he was advised by his doctor to have a relentless bed-rest for two weeks — and visited the hospital where he visited the wounded activists of Khaksaar Tehreek. Mian Muhammad Shafi recalls this event, insisting that “this had a soothing effect on the lacerated hearts of the people of Lahore.” As a whole, however, the Khaksaars were anti-Jinnah, anti-Muslim League, anti-Congress, anti-Sikhs, and in the latter years they did try to assassinate Jinnah a number of times.

On the eve of Lahore Resolution (23rd March) in 1940, closed to 100,000 Punjabis, Sindhis, Bengalis, Pathans, and Baluchis gathered inside the gigantic tent erected in Minto (now Allama Iqbal) Park, within view of lofty marble minarets of the beautiful Badshahi Masjid and Shah Jehan’s Great Fort. Lahore, a teeming center of Muslim power in South Asia since the eleventh century, capital of the Punjab and cultural heartland of Mughal India, was about to give birth to the League’s “Pakistan Resolution”. A horde of people, said to be 100,000, were present to hear the voice of their Quaid-e-Azam. Quaid-e-Azam wore an ackham and chooridar pyjamas.

Deafening shouts of “Zindabad” welcomed Jinnah as he rose to walk to the microphone. He spoke in Urdu as the reception committee who introduced him had done, but shifted to English, apologizing to the mass audience as he gestured toward the press corps: “The world is watching us, so let me have your permission to have my say in English.” Jinnah spoke for nearly 2 hours, his voice was deep and trenchant. Such was the domination of his personality, that despite the improbability of more than a fraction of his audience understanding English, he held his hearers and played with palpable effect on their emotions. On that day, it was his highest audience to listen to him, and it was his greatest performance ever. He must have seemed no less than a Mughal emperor resurrected. Thanks to Associated Press International, Reuters, and UPI, Jinnah’s message at Lahore was cabled that evening all over the world. The Pakistan Resolution was especially perused with tea that same day in London’s Atheneum, studied and underlined at Whitehall and Downing Street, discussed in the City, and debated in Westminister. This day on the 23rd March 1940, the ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity, the Jinnah, had totally transformed himself into Pakistan’s great leader.

The prominent Muslim from every Muslim majority state were there, including Liaquat Ali Khan, Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman, Sir Shah Nawaz, Sikandar Hayat Khan (CM of Punjab), A.K. Fazlul Huq (CM of Bengal), Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Qazi Esa from Baluchistan, Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh etc.

After nearly 7 years since the Lahore Resolution was passed, Pakistan came into being. And today, perfectly after the 7 decades of Lahore Resolution and nearly after 6 decades of the independence of Pakistan, the country is still contemplating — baffled and feeble. The great leader like Jinnah is lost in the shadow of past. His words, advices, actions, principles — all are now restricted to only literary work, media projections and academics. The implementation of his dreams is yet to be fulfilled — to make Pakistan one of the greatest nation in the world.

Some of the excerpts are taken from “Jinnah Of Pakistan” by Stanley Wolpert.

Bring Back Jinnah’s Pakistan

A trembling of nation, Pakistan, everyone can see – while dwellers can actually feel it immensely. With the addition of two more blasts yesterday and one blast today in Pakistan, the numbers of such blasts have reached to 223 (two hundred and twenty three) today. The number of deceased have reached to 3,000 while the number of wounded have reached to nearly 8,000. The cold-blooded and hard-hearted Ghairat Brigade has really turned out to be the Ghairat Brigade of Pakistan after facing such a vile chaos. But that’s most certainly a short-run fervency as it always happens.

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

Muhammad Ali Jinnah is venerated by many names: Baba-e-Qoum, Founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam, Baani-e-Pakistan. But what thunderclaps me is that – from the shores of Arabian sea till the Himalayan range, while everyone knows about the founder of nation, everyone knows about the ideologies of Jinnah, even the uneducated ones learn from the word of mouth – how many practical followers of Jinnah are actually left here in Pakistan?

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

There’s a simplified version of Jinnah about the governance of the country, there’s a simplified version of Iqbal about implementing Islam in Pakistan, but there’s not a single staunch political party to resume the cause of Jinnah and Iqbal from where both of them left. Everywhere in Pakistan there’s brouhaha about ideologies. There’s a strong clash of ideologies. Anarchism, democratism, Islamism, Talibanism, this’ism, that’ism – but where is Jinnah’ism and where is Iqbal’ism?

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

If there was a man from our history who wouldn’t forsake his principles in politics then that was Jinnah. Where’s the politics of principles today? Principles are desperately seeking the ‘politics’ which is hiding behind the veil of sanctimoniousness. It’s hard to lift the veil and help principles to find the ‘politics’ because the show must go on in a view of fact that watching such matinees have become best leisure time activity of ours and the nights are for peaceful comfy sleeps, so don’t disturb please.

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

Jinnah wanted to give minority the status of majority. Concurrently, he sent a word to the people of Pakistan in which he urged about equality and equity, and that the rulers of nation should partake the characteristics of a real leader that Prophet Muhammad SAW taught – characteristics of simplicifty, understanding of the responsibilities entirely. Is there anyone today who resembles Jinnah?

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

The one whose obsession with Pakistan – to stand alongside with the Muslims – made him loose his wife and then the daughter – was Jinnah. He doggedly strived for Pakistan, for the rights of Muslims to emancipate them; the Jinnah, who fought the case of Pakistan in Emperor’s Court for years, who was completely obstinate, albeit Gandhi offered him to become the first Prime Minister of India if he stops endeavoring for Pakistan – Jinnah refused it. He had no lust of power. Howbeit, he merely wanted a Pakistan – a separate state for Muslims – free from slavery of Brits and then India. Today’s leaders are substantially afraid of raising one’s voice against the atrocities of their self-appointed superpowers. Whereas, Jinnah always stood for every ‘single’ Muslim who was hit and battered by British Raj before independence.

Who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

To touch the right chord about another greatness of Jinnah, I had a look at the will of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, which says:

All my residuary estate including the corpus that may fall after the lapse of life interests or otherwise to be divided into three parts – and I bequeath one part to Aligarh University – one part to Islamia College Peshawar – and one part to Sindh Madrassa of Karachi.

I ask an additional time, who talks about bringing back Jinnah’s Pakistan today in the middle of the prevailing national turmoil? Any political party here, I ask?

To bring back Jinnah’s Pakistan, we must come out of our shells of idlenes; we must come out on roads – for peaceful protests, with the purpose of exhorting government and admonishing them that Awaam isn’t kipping any longer now. At this decisive phase today, we be forbidden to wait for a wake-up call from our affiliated political parties. Jinnah’s amount of supporters were little than Congress activists but his supporters were sincere. Our amount of supporters may be little, but our supporters should be sincere likewise. We all must get united to do something to bring back Jinnah’s Pakistan while none of the political party is up for broadcasting the ideologies of Jinnah; we must rise against the pseudo democratism, taliban’ism, religion’ism, Musharraf’ism, Nawaz’ism, Altaf’ism, Bhutto’ism, Sindhi’ism, Punjab’ism, Pashtun’ism, Baloch’ism, this’ism and that’ism – and backtrack Pakistan the ideologies of Muhammad Ali Jinnah – and the ideologies of Allama Muhammad Iqbal.

The desire for struggle is in our hearts
We shall now see what strength there is in the boughs of the enemy

سرفروشی کی تمنا اب ہمارے دل میں ہے
دیکھنا ہے زور کتنا بازوئے قاتل میں ہے

Dishonest Pakistan

On 8th June 2009 I wrote: Democracy, Dictatorship, Communism, Socialism, Monarchy, Anarchy etc. – all are names of different Political and Economic systems. All can be good and at the same time all can not be good. The imperative system is ‘Justice’ what everyone needs.

In short, there’s nothing like “A good dictatorship” or “A poor democracy” or vice versa. What all citizens want is a good system – a good law and order – a good sovereignty of country where government is liable to protect the rights of its citizens which no one ever does.

When anyone talks about Musharraf and favors Musharraf, when anyone talks about MQM and favors MQM, when anyone talks about Nawaz Sharif and favors him, when anyone talks about Jeye Bhutto and favors PPP – it always make me feel sad that how knavishly we keep on ignoring the wickedness of the favored leaders. I personally know a host of Pakistanis who’re victim of our poor leaders including MQM, Musharraf, PML-N, PPP etc. When was the dignity of Musharraf when he sold a horde of Pakistanis to US for $20,000 each for rendition purpose? These people are now known as ‘Missing Person’.

I sent Eid Greetings to Amina Masood Janjua last time on Eid and her response was: No Eid without my husband; no Eid until we don’t recover all Missing Persons. I ask the Ghairat Brigade of Pakistan, where is the dignity of ours when our favorite leaders were selling our innocent Pakistanis for dollars and none of the ethnic and national political party raised its voice.

To me, one wrong deed overcomes thousand right deeds. This is how it’s.

MQM did right for the people of Karachi, PML-N worked a lot in Punjab – but we snub the fact the there are so many victims suffered and suffering from MQM, PPP, PML-N etc. political parties acts. I’m not against a person, but I feel that I should, however, raise the voice and bring up the problems against the often bad actions and transgressions by our political parties.

My Pakistan starts from the shores of Arabian sea and ends at Himalayan Range – and till that range I see, by and large, we’re dishonest to ourselves. People talking about Musharraf breaching the constitution, and the sayers breach the traffic laws too; people talking about corruption by PPP while a horde of the sayers from awaam are morally corrupted too; people talk about MQM’s extortion while myriads of plaintiffs often don’t leave a single chance to bully the people.

For many of us, by and large, Pakistan is limited to their city or province. They don’t care about what’s happening in the other parts of Pakistan. We often miss to address the dark side of our leaders and portray their bright side just to blot out their hypocrisies. It happens in the case of MQM too, it happens with Nawaz Sharif too, it happens in the case of Musharraf too, it happens with ruling PPP too.

A guy I know personally whose mom died during an air-strike in Bajaur. Who carried out the air-strike? Musharraf. I again ask the Ghairat Brigade: who’s responsible for it? We, ourselves, absolutely. We give our leaders the license to do whatever they want. MQM, PML-N, PPP – all can carry substantial rallies when it comes to their ‘seat’, no one would carry a single substantial rally against such atrocities.

This is a botched up political system of Pakistan, and unfortunately we preserve this political system while keeping the status quo maintain instead of raising our voice in rallies as ardently as we do in the case of BB’s barsii or Youm-e-Tasees and so on. Is it too much that I’m asking, or rather this nation is asking?

This country was never made on the name of Democracy. Even Liaquat Ali Khan was confused whether to adopt Democracy or Communism during his early days of governance. This country, if anything, was made on the name of “Justice”, that we’d give equal rights to everyone, we’d do justice with everyone, and that Army would never interfere in politics – Quaid-e-Azam said.

So far, I admire COAS Kayani to a commensurate extent that he’s wiser than Musharraf seeing as how he has no lust of power at least, and that today political leader have steered country to the dark, but he had never shown his thoughts and intents, even for a moment, to impose any Martial Law. During Long March, he had all this opportunity to impose the Martial Law, but he never did, even though the whole country was jolted so much during those days. Instead he met with political leadership and convinced them to show some mercy on the country and find a quick way to get out of this national turmoil.

People talk about ‘education’ every instance when the topic ‘Pakistan’ is under debate. Only ‘education’ isn’t a solution to solve all the problems. I believe in “Character Education” more than ‘education’ itself. Educated ones do breach the traffic rules, do violate constitution of Pakistan, do breach civil rules – but a person with “Character Education” wouldn’t do that.

We’re always up to market the manifesto of our affiliated political parties – but why don’t we market the simple and dignified version of Jinnah and Iqbal, I ask??

PS: I’ve portrayed the role of Government and Awaam in the progression and regression of Pakistan. I majorly impute Awaam for the current situation of Pakistan; however, this doesn’t mean we should never voice our protest against the government. We can, always!